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Tuesday, August 4, 2020 | History

2 edition of Is there a common antipsychotic pathway for neuronal gene expression in vitro? found in the catalog.

Is there a common antipsychotic pathway for neuronal gene expression in vitro?

Solmaz Alizadeh-Azami

Is there a common antipsychotic pathway for neuronal gene expression in vitro?

by Solmaz Alizadeh-Azami

  • 304 Want to read
  • 24 Currently reading

Published .
Written in English


About the Edition

Antipsychotics are the primary medications for schizophrenia. It is hypothesized that all antipsychotics act through a common molecular pathway. To test this hypothesis, the effect on gene expression of two antipsychotics, haloperidol and aripiprazole, was investigated by DNA microarray technology using the NT2 cell fine in vitro. Eighty-one genes were identified to be upregulated in response to both haloperidol and aripiprazole, whereas 61 genes exhibited downregulation in the presence of these drugs. Interestingly, a subset of these genes included COMT and UBE2B, which localize to chromosome regions previously shown to be linked to schizophrenia. In addition, our studies indicate for the first time a number of novel genes, including AREG, KCTD16 and UPB1, that exhibit an altered expression in the presence of these antipsychotics. The discovery of novel genes implicated in the pathways of psychosis may serve as potential targets for the development of new antipsychotics.

The Physical Object
Pagination102 leaves.
Number of Pages102
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL19551857M
ISBN 109780494213469

Volcano plots of differentially expressed genes in Jurkat T-lymphocytes after antipsychotic exposure. Log 2 fold change in expression are plotted against −log 10 corrected p values of significance. (a) acute and subacute chlorpromazine, (b) acute and subacute clozapine and (c) acute and subacute point represents a gene, with genes shown in red in the upper left and right.   Triple effect– sedative at 50 mg XR, antidepressant at mg XR, antipsychotic at mg XR. The extended release (XR) is the preferred option for depression due to day-long receptor occupancy of 5HT2C and Noradrenaline transporters. There is minimal EPSE and is the preferred antipsychotic in patients with Parkinson’s disease and psychosis.

Reelin (RELN) is a large secreted extracellular matrix glycoprotein that helps regulate processes of neuronal migration and positioning in the developing brain by controlling cell–cell s this important role in early development, reelin continues to work in the adult brain. It modulates synaptic plasticity by enhancing the induction and maintenance of long-term potentiation.   The J-domain-containing protein auxilin, a critical regulator in clathrin-mediated transport, has been implicated in Drosophila Notch signaling. To ask if this role of auxilin is conserved and whether auxilin has additional roles in development, we have investigated the functions of auxilin orthologs in zebrafish. Like mammals, zebrafish has two distinct auxilin-like molecules, auxilin and.

Despite the significance of modern genetics, many of its fundamentals are still not widely understood. A summary of what has been learned about DNA might serve as a useful introduction to the discussion on transcription and gene expression: The heritable genetic information for all life comes in the form of a molecule called DNA.   Several clinical studies suggested that antipsychotic-based medications could ameliorate cognitive functions impaired in certain schizophrenic patients. Accordingly, we investigated the effects of various dopaminergic receptor antagonists – including atypical antipsychotics that are prescribed for the treatment of schizophrenia – in a model of toxicity using cultured hippocampal .


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Is there a common antipsychotic pathway for neuronal gene expression in vitro? by Solmaz Alizadeh-Azami Download PDF EPUB FB2

Future studies of this gene expression program will therefore not only provide insight into the mechanisms by which neuronal activity controls neural circuit development and function, but might also reveal how the disruption of activity-dependent brain development gives rise to severe neurological disorders in by:   Antipsychotic drugs are widely used to treat mental health problems including schizophrenia, 1,2 bipolar disorder, depression, dementia, and Cited by: 4.

It is becoming evident that there could be numerous pathways and alterations in gene expression that lead to the development of psychosis (Ko et al., ) and its treatment with atypical. Antipsychotic drugs alter the expression of numerous genes related to cardiovascular health.

Many of these genes are associated with cell signalling pathways involving Cited by: 4. There are five dopamine receptors, among which D2R is the most important site of antipsychotic drug action. 76 D2R overactivation is associated with severe mental disorders including schizophrenia and obsessive‐compulsive disorder.

Perinatal disruption of D2R leads to development of abnormal striatal and frontal cortical neuronal Cited by: 9. Neuronal excitation in the central nervous system is mediated by ionotropic glutamate receptors (ie, α-aminohydroxymethylisoxazoleproprionic acid or AMPA, kainate, and N-methyl-d-aspartate or NMDA) and metabotropic glutamate receptors (see Fig.

1).Inhibition of excitatory glutamatergic neurotransmission would appear the most obvious way to limit excessive excitatory activity, and. Gene expression profiling of NSCs and their neuronal progeny holds the potential of identifying novel and niche-specific regulators of neurogenesis; however, previous attempts have failed to do so, either due to the sparseness of NSCs and newborn neurons within the adult brain or because these studies have focused exclusively on NSCs or.

In vivo studies on wild-type animals and in vitro studies on wild-type and knockout animals demonstrated increased Aβ production with communication activity between brain cells that can subsequently downregulate synaptic transmission and neuronal activity.

62,71,74–76 This negative feedback loop could operate as a physiological homeostatic. Several gene expression studies on antipsychotic-treated animals point to the induction of genes associated with neurotransmission, signal transduction, and synaptic plasticity, suggesting that a.

Indonesian ginger (Zingiber purpureum Rosc.), also known as Bangle, exhibits neurotrophic effects on cultured murine cortical neurons and in the adult mouse brain, but the underlying mechanisms remain unknown.

Here, using human fetal neural stem cells (hfNSCs) as a model system for in vitro human neurogenesis, we show that Bangle extracts activate canonical WNT/β-catenin signaling. specific gene expression changes in blood using microarrays 24h after each injury.

In addition, there was a common blood gene expression profile that correlated with the occurrence of neuronal cell death regardless of the cause (Tang et al, ).

This led to a recent human study by Moore et al (), who found a genomic signature from. Recent evidence has suggested that atypical antipsychotic drugs regulate synaptic plasticity. We investigated whether some atypical antipsychotic drugs (olanzapine, aripiprazole, quetiapine, and ziprasidone) altered the expression of synapse‐associated proteins in rat hippocampal neuronal cultures under toxic conditions induced by B27 deprivation.

A number of antipsychotic medications and mood stabilizers are hypothesized to mediate their effects through modulation of the PI3K-AKT-GSK3 pathway [,]. AKT knockdown also adversely impacts synaptogenesis in rodent hippocampal neurons.

CRE-mediated gene transcription in neocortical neuronal plasticity during the developmental critical period. Neu Crossref, Medline, Google Scholar; Qiu, M.S., and Green, S.H. NGF and EGF rapidly activate p21ras in PC12 cells by distinct, convergent pathways involving tyrosine phosphorylation.

Neuron 7, Brief and sustained neuronal activity patterns can have opposite effects on synaptic strength that both require activity-regulated gene (ARG) expression. However, whether distinct patterns of activity induce different sets of ARGs is unknown. In genome-scale experiments, we reveal that a neuron’s activity-pattern history can be predicted from the ARGs it expresses.

Internal receptors can directly influence gene expression (how much of a specific protein is produced from a gene) without having to pass the signal on to other receptors or messengers. Figure 2 Hydrophobic signaling molecules typically diffuse across the plasma membrane and interact with intracellular receptors in the cytoplasm.

Differential gene expression analysis. We generated eight and seven iPSC lines from 22q patients and healthy individuals, respectively, and obtained RNA-seq data from a total of 19 differentiating neuron samples (seven controls with two duplicates for a total of nine samples; eight 22q DS SZ and SAD patients with two duplicates for a total of ten samples).

Stem cells isolated from human exfoliated deciduous teeth (SHEDs) are a type of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), widely investigated for regenerative treatment. They are isolated from dental pulp tissues remaining in physiologically shedding human deciduous teeth.

Thus, SHEDs are easy to access and not required invasive procedure to obtain cells. Genes which had been inactive in neurons during early mouse development can become functionally silenced in the adult brain, according to a new article.

Switching gene expression "on" and "off" is. The gene expression, signaling pathways and receptor profile of fibroblasts are similar to cells of neuro-ectodermal origin Moreover, they proved to express neuron and glia specific markers All these considerations make HDF cultures an appealing, cost-effective experimental model for studying neuropsychiatric disorders.

However, because deletion or mutation of this motif still showed preferential expression of synapsin I promoter-reporter genes in neuronal cells relative to non-neuronal cells, it was suggested that an additional cis-acting element in the synapsin I promoter is necessary for neuron-specific gene expression (Li et al., ).

To further.Chapter 9 Antipsychotic Drugs Nerve ending Receptor site on cell surface Dopamine and serotonin Antipsychotic drugs Nerve cells in brain FIGURE Antipsychotic drugs prevent dopamine and serotonin from occupying receptor sites on neuronal cell membranes and exerting their effects on cellular functions.

This action leads to changes in.Influences on Measured Expression of Candidate Genes in Human Postmortem Brain. A gene can be subject to cis-acting genetic influences on its expression, arising from DNA sequence variation in the gene itself, which may show genetic association with a expression can also be influenced by epigenetic modification, such as DNA methylation, which can be influenced by stochastic and.